Microsoft, Google ir OpenID VS Facebook Connect

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Žymės: google,microsoft,openid,facebook,yahoo

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OpenID

Paskutiniu metu stambiosios kompanijos itin aktyviai ėmė rodyti iniciatyvą leisti vartotojams, turintiems prieigas (accounts) prie savo servisų, prisijungti prie kitų Interneto svetainių.

Idėja atsisakyti skirtingų prisijungimo duomenų yra realizuota OpenID standartu, kurį jau kuris laikas naudoja Yahoo kompanija.

Dabar ir Microsoft paskelbė, kad prisijungia prie OpenID iniciatyvos, taip suteikdama 400 milijonų "Windows Live ID" savo vartotojų naudotis tinklalapių, palaikančių OpenID standartą, paslaugomis. Tiesa, kol kas sistema dar testuojama, tačiau tai, jog Microsoft vadina OpenID de facto standartu, suteikia itin didelę svarbą OpenID standartui.

Po poros dienų ir Google pranešė, palaikysianti vieningo prisijungimo standartą OpenID. Tiesa, kol kas tinklalapiams reikia užsiregistruoti ir laukti Google malonės, kad būtų galima leisti Google vartotojams prisijungti prie vieno ar kito tinklalapio. Be to, Google naudos modifikuotą OpenID standartą, atsisakant kai kurių OpenID principų. Visgi, sistema kol kas nėra išbaigta ir ateityje galbūt matysime pilnavertį OpenID palaikymą.

Nepaisant šių džiugių žinių, atrodo, jog Microsoft ir Google skubėjimą skatina analogiškos Facebook OpenID alternatyvos "Facebook Connect" startas lapkričio 30. Facebook, turėdama daugybę registruotų vartotojų ir didžiulę savanorių armiją, nori šioje srityje atsiriekti ir savo dalį. Vis dėlto, prisirišimas prie vieno centralizuoto tapatybės tiekėjo gali sukelti tinklalapiams problemų, jei, kuriuo nors metu, Facebook sugalvotų nutraukti Connect paslaugą ar ją apmokestinti, dėl to, stambiųjų kompanijų iniciatyva palaikyti atvirus standartus yra sveikintina, kovojant su Facebook dėl vietos po saule.

Nors Lietuvoje Facebook kol kas nėra lyderis, veiksmai atsiriboti nuo atvirų standartų rodo, jog jie elgiasi, kaip rinkos (socialinių tinklų) lyderis: atsisakymas palaikyti OpenID standartą bei OpenSocial aplikacijų platformą. Tai verčia net ir aršiausius konkurentus - Google, Yahoo, Microsoft - susivienyti ir, naudojant atvirus standartus, skatinti atviro Interneto idėjų plėtrą.

Šie veiksniai duoda naudą tiek Interneto servisams, tiek tinklalapiams, tiek ir vartotojams. Interneto servisai augina vertę, leisdami vartotojams migruoti su savo duomenimis tarp įvairių tinklalapių, kuriems, savo ruožtu, nėra būtina versti vartotojams registruotis, norint naudotis savo paslaugomis - vartotojai gali prisijungti, naudodami savo patikimą Interneto tabatybės tiekėją. Tiesa, stambiausi tiekėjai patys nesuteikia galimybės prie savo servisų jungtis atvirais standartais (pvz.: prie GMail'o neprisijungsi su savo Yahoo ID), bet vartotojui atsirandančios papildomos galimybės bei arši konkurencija neabejotinai didina komfortą.

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(Tinklalapis arba OpenID)